Pharmacy Research Reports Volume 1 2018


The Pharmacy Research Reports is published by the Pharmaceutical Services Programme, Ministry of Health Malaysia (MOH). This is an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) registered publication with the National Bibliography Centre, National Library of Malaysia. This document contains compilation of research articles of pharmacy related researches conducted in the MOH by the MOH pharmacists and other professionals. All researches included in this report were registered with the National Medical Research Register (NMRR) and ethics approvals had been obtained from the Medical Research and Ethics Committee (MREC) if required. The opinions expressed in all articles, including the Editorials, are the authors’ own and do not necessarily reflect the view of the Pharmaceutical Services Programme, Ministry of Health Malaysia.


December 2018 © Ministry of Health Malaysia

Editorial Address:

Editor in Chief, Pharmacy Research Reports, Pharmacy Policy and Strategic Planning Division, Ministry of Health Malaysia,

Lot 36, Jalan Universiti, 46200 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia

Tel : (603) 7841 3200 ; Email : /


Articles in this issue:

Availability of Essential Medicines in the Remote Public Health Facilities in Malaysia

Izzati Mohd Farok, Bibi Faridha Mohd Salleh, Lau Ling Wei, Ramli Zainal


Adverse Drug Reactions of Clozapine and Their Management in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Kelantan

Nazmi Liana Azmi, Fazlina Mohamed, Nurul Khairiyah Wanik, Chua Siew May, Nur ‘Izzati Ahmad Zawawi


A Prospective Study on Antibiotic De-escalation Practice in the Medical Wards of Penang General Hospital

Wong Kar Loon, Wong Mei Ling, Chong Zan Kai, Siva Malar Ganasen, Wan Sakinah Wan Hasbullah, Chee Sze Hui, Chow Ting Soo, Leong Kar Nim, Wong Peng Shyan, Ch’ng Wei Choong


The Impact of Epilepsy Review Service on Seizure Control in Primary Care

Wong Su Li, Cheang Ching Ye, Norharlina Sulaiman, Hanum Maisarah Abdul Rahman, Ng Kar Mun


Evaluation of Utilisation and Concordance to Guideline-recommended Statin Therapy at Medical Outpatient Clinic, Hospital Kuala Krai

Low Joo Zheng, Ahmad Salihin Abdullah, Nurul Azerah Idris, Siti Noriah Muhd Yuna, M. Irfan Ab Aziz


Retrospective Review of Postnatal Growth Rate of Premature Infants Receiving Early Parenteral Nutrition in a Malaysian Tertiary Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Loo Jing Hean, Limata @ Monalita Binti Othman


Knowledge and Attitude on Safe Handling of Cytotoxic Agents among Healthcare Staff in Tengku Ampuan Rahimah Hospital (HTAR), Klang

Lee Jian Lynn, Tai Chu Hong, Lim Soon Seng, Keng Zhi Hong, Nur Syuhada Zainudin, Yeo Wei Yan, Lee Sheah Lin, Khairul Azrul Abdul Rahman


Scheduled Substances as a Cause Leading to Dangerous Drug Abuse

Zamrul Hisyam Noor, Ahmad Aizat Zaini, Mohd Hanif Mustafa


Study of Traditional and Complementary Medicine (TCM) Usage among Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy in Hospital Melaka

Wong Kuo Zang, Mastria Mohamed, Loh Wan Ting, Suhadah Ahad


Comparing the Glycaemic and Weight Control Effects of Basal-bolus and Premixed Insulin Regimen among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Johor

Chong Men Yee


Patients’ Beliefs about Generic Medicines in the Outpatient Setting, Sibu Hospital

Chuo Sing Hong, Carmen Wong Jia Jia, Ling Mei Siew, Sia Khang Lin, Tiong Chang Hwa


Assessment of Public Knowledge and Perception towards Childhood Vaccination in Perlis, Malaysia

Wan Nor Amalina Zainun, Nuwairoh Nasir, Nur Iffah Iwani Ghazali, Tan Keh Ying